Half-integral Duals, Connectivity Augmentation and Multiflows in Planar Graphs

Naveen Garg
Rahul Vaze
Tuesday, 23 Jun 2020, 14:00 to 15:00
A-201 (STCS Seminar Room)
Abstract: Given an edge weighted graph and a spanning tree, $T$, the {\em tree augmentation problem} is to pick a minimum weight set of edges, $F$, such that $T\cup F$ is 2-edge connected. Williamson et.al. gave a 2-approximation algorithm for this problem using the primal-dual schema. We show that when edge weights are integral, the WGMV procedure can be modified to obtain a half-integral dual.

The tree augmentation problem has an interesting connection to routing flow in graphs where the union of supply and demand is planar. The half-integrality of the dual leads to a tight 2-approximate max-half-integral-flow min-multicut theorem and a 4-approximate max-integral flow min-multicut theorem.
(joint work with Nikhil Kumar and Andras Sebo)