Exponential Separation Between Powers of Regular and General Resolution Over Parities

Sreejata Kishor Bhattacharya
Varun Ramanathan
Friday, 23 Feb 2024, 14:30 to 15:30
A-201 (STCS Seminar Room)

Proving super-polynomial lower bounds on the size of proofs of unsatisfiability of Boolean formulas using resolution over parities, is an outstanding problem that has received a lot of attention after its introduction by Raz and Tzamaret. Very recently, Efremenko, Garlík and Itsykson proved the first exponential lower bounds on the size of ResLin proofs that were additionally restricted to be bottom-regular. We show that there are formulas for which such regular ResLin proofs of unsatisfiability continue to have exponential size even though there exists short proofs of their unsatisfiability in ordinary, non-regular resolution. This is the first super-polynomial separation between the power of general ResLin and and that of regular ResLin for any natural notion of regularity.
Our argument, while building upon the work of Efremenko et al, uses additional ideas from the literature on lifting theorems.

This is joint work with Arkadev Chattopadhyay and Pavel Dvorak.